resettlement and relief impact assessment (nepal)
In 2015, Nepal was struck by two earthquakes in April and May, which killed nearly 9,000 people, injured 22,000 and displaced nearly 2.3 million people. After more than a year, reconstruction has been slow to start moving while risks remain high for vulnerable communities due to another big earthquake in this seismic zone. DRAN members traveled to Nepal in January 2015 to meet with senior members of the government, national institutions such as the Human Rights Commission, leading national and international NGOs and visited sites to assess earthquake damage and the challenges of rebuilding. With the advice of Mohandas Manandhar, DRAN Nepal advisor, DRAN is designing a work program to research and document the human impacts of earthquake in selected districts, as well as assess the relevant land governance arrangements including the land use regulations for the Kathmandu Valley. The approach is intended to reduce the social exclusion which lies at the core of the vulnerabilities of those who are affected during these protracted displacement situations.
In November-December 2015, Chennai, one of the largest cities in India, as well as many nearby smaller towns and cities and surrounding rural areas were flooded due to very heavy rainfall and subsequent human decisions. Close to 500 people are estimated to have died and more than a 1.5 million displaced. Many of those displaced in Chennai have been urban poor living in precarious informal settlements, often along water ways, who were displaced due to government action following the floods, rather than due to the floods themselves. They have been sought to be resettled in faraway locations. DRAN members visited Chennai in January, and then during the summer of 2016, with a view to assess the protracted humanitarian and development challenges raised by the displacement, and the human rights and development consequences of resettlement policies. In collaboration with local NGOs and researchers, DRAN is designing a work program to research and document the human impacts of displacement and resettlement, as well as structural issues which may worsen the human impacts of future floods.